Difference between Permanent Resident and Long Term Resident

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Permament resident vs Long Term Resident

Suddenly, do you know what the difference between the status of residence “Permanent resident” and “Long Term Resident”?

Surprisingly you do not properly understand each one.

Me too!

I can imagine that “permanent resident” is a person with permanent residence.

But I do not know what Long Term Resident” is.

Of the four status of residence status, you can easily imagine what kind of qualification is “Spouse or Child of Japanese National” and “Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident” from that name.

Many questions are “What is the difference between Permanent Residents and Long Term Resident?”

Indeed when you look at the definition of the immigration bureau, you can understand the difference vaguely.

But today’s point is how it actually differs.

I will explain the difference between ‘Permanent Residents and Long Term Resident’ for you.

 Permanent ResidentLong Term Resident
Period of stayIndefinite period
6 months or 1year, 3years, 5years
Renewal after qualification acquisitionNo needNecessary
Restrictions on employment activitiesNoNo
Re-entry PermitNecessaryNecessary
Forced deportationTargetTarget

1. Period of stay / Renewal after qualification acquisition

Regarding the period of stay, permanent residents are “indefinite” and if you do not basically commit a crime, you can permanently live in Japan.

And there is no need to periodically apply for extension of period of stay.

On the other hand, long term residents have a certain period of stay.

It’s 6 months or 1 year, 3 years, 5 years.

Many people think “Renewal every year is troublesome” or “I will forget the update in 5 years”.

Either way, those who will not be known before will be generated with a certain probability.

A frequently asked question is “I was a long term resident but I forgot to update, how can I get it?”.

In that respect, if you become a permanent resident, the problem of forgetting to update will definitely disappear.

However, there are “permanent resident card deadlines” even for permanent resident, so you will not continue to use the same residence card for the rest of your life.

It is necessary to renew it from the last two months before the expiration date of the residence card validity period until the expiration date of the validity period.

Since I show the points to be confirmed of the residence card on the left figure, please note it occasionally.

Also, because you are a permanent resident, you often lose permanent residence rights.

On the other hand, the long term period ends in 6 months, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years later, so if you wish to continue staying, you will need to apply for renewal period permission and update your residence card at the same time .



2. Restrictions on employment activities

Neither permanent residents nor long term residents have restrictions on their working activities.

There is no difference in employment activities between them.

3. Re-entry Permit

Both permanent residents and long term residents, including “deemed re – entry permit”, will be determined to be the longest within the period of stay that they currently have for five years (1 year for deemed re – entry permission).

Even if you try to enter Japan after this period, each status of residence has been lost, so be careful.

Even a permanent resident will lose his / her status of residence “Permanent Resident” if he / she spends more time in a foreign country than the fixed term due to the re-entry permission.

Permanent residence visa is not returned.

I do not receive a long term resident visa as well.

4. Forced deportation

Even if you are “permanent resident” or “long term resident”, you are basically a foreigner, so if you fall under the deportation enforcement reason it will be subject to deportation.

You are normally asked for good behavior.

5. Suffrage

Since both permanent residents and long term resident are foreigners, there is no suffrage (especially national affairs).

6. Other differences

Permanent Resident is

  • high social credibility(For example:Mortgage is easy to borrow)
  • Even if you divorce, you will not need to change your status of residence.
  • Changing the status of residence of a foreign spouse married to a permanent resident is permitted and becomes a “spouse of a permanent resident.”For example:When a foreign people who has stayed at working visa receives a permanent residence permit, his / her spouse can change his / her status of residence from “previous family stay” to “spouse of permanent resident etc”.

→If this permission is OK, the spouse will be “not workable” to “no restriction” with regard to employment.

  • It is possible to change the status of residence of ‘Long term Resident’ from ‘family stay’ of unmarried and underage child who supports.For example:When a foreign people who has stayed in a work permit receives permanent residence permission, the unmarried or underage child who supports it is permitted to change his / her status of residence from “staying in a family” to “long term resident”.

→When this permission is OK, the child becomes “unlimited” with respect to employment from “not workable”.

As mentioned above, there are various merits.

However, in order to be permitted as a permanent resident, we have the aspect that the conditions are extremely severe.

For the merits of becoming a permanent resident, please also refer to the following blog.

7. Definition of permanent resident, long term resident

Each definition is explained on the following page.

Please refer them.

8. In case of naturalization

If naturalized, do you know what is different?

As for naturalization as well, there is no “restriction on employment activities”.

However, since naturalization is considered “becoming a Japanese,” “re-entry permit” is unnecessary, “deportation enforcement” is excluded, and suffrage is “yes”.

When listening to the person who was naturalized, it seems that there is a “feeling of becoming a Japanese” by giving voting rights.

For the difference between permanent residence and naturalization, please see the blog below.

9. In the case of Mr. Kent Gilbert

Mr. Kent Gilbert, a lawyer and corporate owner at a talent, seems to remain in a “long term resident” status of residence.

The period of stay is the longest 5 years, but still it seems that applying for renewal is a hassle.

Mr. Gilbert, who came to Japan in 1980, said that he was unable to obtain a permanent resident at that time unless he or she had lived in Japan for more than 20 years to become a permanent resident.

As it is, it means that it is troublesome and remains settled. It is each person.

10. Summary

The difference between permanent resident and settler is as follows.

Permanent Resident is

  • No need to renew after the period of stay / period of qualification
  • high social credibility
  • Even if you divorce, you will not need to change your status of residence.

★Since naturalization is considered “becoming a Japanese,” “re-entry permit” is unnecessary, “deportation enforcement” is excluded, and suffrage is “yes”.